Ahir, 6 d’agost de 2011, es va commemorar un any més l’aniversari del llançament de la bomba atòmica sobre Hiroshima, a les acaballes de la Segona Guerra Mundial. Aquest any, la commemoració ha anat lligada necessàriament al record del recent desastre de Fukushima. El primer ministre ha afirmat que es farien esforços per reduir la dependència energètica del Japó respecte de l’energia nuclear.
In his remarks, [el primer ministre nió] Kan reaffirmed his commitment to a new energy policy away from nuclear power.
“The Fukushima reactor incident provides the human race with a new lesson and our mission is to convey that lesson to the world, and to the next generation. The country’s energy policy is being fundamentally reviewed, following a deep reflection on the myth that nuclear power is safe. My aim is to reduce Japan’s level of reliance on nuclear power so as to create a society that isn’t addicted to it,” Kan told the gathering, officially estimated at 50,000 but which appeared much less (Japantimes)
Algunes de les víctimes d’Hiroshima han apostat clarament per defensar les energines renovables. Si tradicionalment s’havien mostrat crítiques amb l’ús militar, ara també critiquen el se ús civil (en el que no deixa de ser un ús emotiu de la història per a objectius actuals).
In 1945, Masahito Hirose saw the white mushroom cloud rise from the atomic bomb that incinerated this city and that left his aunt to die a slow, painful death, bleeding from her nose and gums. Still, like other survivors of the attacks here and in Hiroshima, he quietly accepted Japan’s postwar embrace of nuclear-generated power, believing government assurances that it was both safe and necessary for the nation’s economic rise.
That was before this year’s disaster at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant in northern Japan confronted the survivors once again with their old nightmare: thousands of civilians exposed to radiation. Aghast at the catastrophic failure of nuclear technology, and outraged by recent revelations that the government and power industry had planted nuclear proponents at town hall-style meetings, the elderly atomic bomb survivors, dwindling in numbers, have begun stepping forward for the first time to oppose nuclear power.
Now, as both Hiroshima and Nagasaki observe the 66th anniversary of the twin American atomic attacks at the end of World War II, the survivors are hoping that they can use their unique moral standing, as the only victims of nuclear bombings, to wean both Japan and the world from what they see as mankind’s tragedy-prone efforts to tap the atom.
(…) Some atomic bombing survivors ruefully admit that it took a disaster the size of Fukushima to free them from that myth.
“They convinced us that nuclear power was different from nuclear bombs,” said Mr. Yamada, 80, who was in junior high school when Nagasaki was bombed. “Fukushima showed us that they are not so different.” (New York Times)
Tanmateix, el lligam entre l’ús militar i l’ús civil de l’energia atòmica no neix només de l’emotivitat dels supervivents. Ho explicava el Japantimes:
The relationship between nuclear power and nuclear weapons has always been close. Nonproliferation experts worldwide have long expressed concern over the possibility of nuclear material and technology from a power plant falling into the hands of those wanting to use it to manufacture weapons.
“The connections between nuclear technology for constructive use and for destructive use are so closely tied together that the benefits of one are not accessible without greatly increasing the hazards of the other,” Theodore Taylor, a former U.S. nuclear weapons designer and former deputy director at the U.S. Defense Nuclear Agency, wrote in a 1996 report on the connections between nuclear power and weapons.